DNA Hypomethylation Affects Cancer-Related Biological Functions and Genes Relevant in Neuroblastoma Pathogenesis

Gemma Mayol, José I. Martín-Subero, José Ríos, Ana Queiros, Marta Kulis, Mariona Suñol, Manel Esteller, Soledad Gómez, Idoia Garcia, Carmen de Torres, Eva Rodríguez, Patricia Galván, Jaume Mora, Cinzia Lavarino*

*Autor corresponent d’aquest treball

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Resum

Neuroblastoma (NB) pathogenesis has been reported to be closely associated with numerous genetic alterations. However, underlying DNA methylation patterns have not been extensively studied in this developmental malignancy. Here, we generated microarray-based DNA methylation profiles of primary neuroblastic tumors. Stringent supervised differential methylation analyses allowed us to identify epigenetic changes characteristic for NB tumors as well as for clinical and biological subtypes of NB. We observed that gene-specific loss of DNA methylation is more prevalent than promoter hypermethylation. Remarkably, such hypomethylation affected cancer-related biological functions and genes relevant to NB pathogenesis such as CCND1, SPRR3, BTC, EGF and FGF6. In particular, differential methylation in CCND1 affected mostly an evolutionary conserved functionally relevant 3′ untranslated region, suggesting that hypomethylation outside promoter regions may play a role in NB pathogenesis. Hypermethylation targeted genes involved in cell development and proliferation such as RASSF1A, POU2F2 or HOXD3, among others. The results derived from this study provide new candidate epigenetic biomarkers associated with NB as well as insights into the molecular pathogenesis of this tumor, which involves a marked gene-specific hypomethylation. © 2012 Mayol et al.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número d’articlee48401
RevistaPLoS ONE
Volum7
Número11
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 7 de nov. 2012

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