Combined confocal laser scanning microscopy techniques for a rapid assessment of the effect and cell viability of Scenedesmus sp. DE2009 under metal stress

Laia Millach, Eduard Villagrasa, Antonio Solé, Isabel Esteve

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Resum

Copyright © Microscopy Society of America 2019. Phototrophic microorganisms are the dominant populations in microbial mats, which play an important role in stabilizing sediments, such as happens in the Ebro Delta. These microorganisms are exposed to low metal concentrations over a long period of time. Distinct methods have been used to evaluate their toxic effect on the preservation of these ecosystems. Nevertheless, most of these techniques are difficult to apply in isolated phototrophs because (i) they usually form consortia with heterotrophic bacteria, (ii) are difficult to obtain in axenic cultures, and (iii) do not grow on solid media. In this study, and for the first time, a combination of fast, non-invasive, and in vivo Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) techniques were applied in a consortium of Scenedesmus sp. DE2009 to analyze its physiological state and viability under metal stress conditions. Microalga was more resistant to Pb followed by Cr and Cu. However, in multimetal combinations, the presence of Cu negatively affected microalga growth. Additionally, the inhibitory concentration (IC) values were also calculated by CLSM pigment analysis. The result determines a higher degree of toxicity for Cu and Cr in comparison to Pb. The high sensitivity of these CLSM-methods to detect low concentrations allows consideration of Scenedesmus sp. DE2009 as a good bioindicator of metal pollution in natural environments.
Idioma originalEnglish
Pàgines (de-a)998-1003
Nombre de pàgines6
RevistaMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Volum25
Número4
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 1 d’ag. 2019

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