Cell free circulating tumor DNA in cerebrospinal fluid detects and monitors central nervous system involvement of B-cell lymphomas

Sabela Bobillo, Marta Crespo, Laura Escudero, Regina Mayor, Priyanka Raheja, Cecilia del Carmen Carpio Segura, Carlota Rubio-Perez, Barbara Tazon-Vega, Carles Palacio-García, Júlia Carabia, Isabel Jimenez, Juan Camilo Nieto Sáchica, Julia Montoro Gómez, Francisco Martinez-Ricarte, Josep Castellvi, Marc Simo, Lluis Puigdefabregas, Pau Abrisqueta, Francesc Xavier Bosch José, Joan Seoane Suárez

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Resum

The levels of cell free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in plasma correlate with treatment response and outcome in systemic lymphomas. Notably, in brain tumors, the levels of ctDNA in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are higher than in plasma. Nevertheless, their role in central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas remains elusive. We evaluated the CSF and plasma from 19 patients: 6 restricted CNS lymphomas, 1 systemic and CNS lymphoma, and 12 systemic lymphomas. We performed whole exome sequencing or targeted sequencing to identify somatic mutations of the primary tumor, then variant-specific droplet digital polymerase chain reaction was designed for each mutation. At time of enrollment, we found ctDNA in the CSF of all patients with restricted CNS lymphoma but not in patients with systemic lymphoma without CNS involvement. Conversely, plasma ctDNA was detected in only 2 out of 6 patients with restricted CNS lymphoma with lower variant allele frequencies than CSF ctDNA. Moreover, we detected CSF ctDNA in one patient with CNS lymphoma in complete remission and in one patient with systemic lymphoma, 3 and 8 months before CNS relapse was confirmed, indicating that CSF ctDNA might detect CNS relapse earlier than conventional methods. Finally, in two cases with CNS lymphoma, CSF ctDNA was still detected after treatment even though no tumoral cells were observed by flow cytometry (FC), indicating that CSF ctDNA detected residual disease better than FC. In conclusion, CSF ctDNA can detect CNS lesions better than plasma ctDNA and FC. In addition, CSF ctDNA predicted CNS relapse in CNS and systemic lymphomas.
Idioma originalEnglish
Pàgines (de-a)513-521
Nombre de pàgines9
RevistaHaematologica
Volum106
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2020

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