Beamforming Techniques for Resilient Navigation with Small Antenna Arrays †

Lucía Pallarés Rodríguez, Sergi Locubiche-Serra, Guillem Foreman-Campins, Gonzalo Seco Granados, José Antonio López Salcedo

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This paper presents a comparative benchmarking of different beamforming techniques for robust multipath and spoofing mitigation in handheld receivers equipped with a small number of antenna elements. In the field of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs), multipath and spoofing have become major sources of signal degradation, whereby the presence of closely spaced replicas of the signal of interest hampers the receiver's performance. Spatial filtering through the use of antenna arrays is one appealing approach to combat these effects. However, the upward trend in device miniaturization poses a serious concern for spatial filtering in handheld devices such as tablets or smartphones, particularly for the case of decimeter-wave signals such as in GNSSs. The terminal size constraints lead to deploying arrays with very few antennas, thus degrading the mitigation performance of the above impairments. This work explores the feasibility of performing robust multipath and spoofing mitigation in GNSS receivers with antenna arrays of very small sizes. Simulation results on four-antenna rectangular and two-antenna linear array distributions are provided, showing that the reduction in array size can be counteracted by the use of advanced beamformers.
Idioma originalEnglish
RevistaEngineering Proceedings
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 2023


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