ABCA3-related interstitial lung disease beyond infancy

Yang Li, Elias Seidl, Katrin Knoflach, Florian Gothe, Maria Elisabeth Forstner, Katarzyna Michel, Ingo Pawlita, Florian Gesenhues, Franziska Sattler, Xiaohua Yang, Carolin Kroener, Simone Reu-Hofer, Julia Ley-Zaporozhan, Birgit Kammer, Ingrid Krüger-Stollfuß, Julien Dinkel, Julia Carlens, Martin Wetzke, Antonio Moreno-Galdó, Alba Torrent-VernettaJoanna Lange, Katarzyna Krenke, Nisreen Rumman, Sarah Mayell, Tugba Sismanlar, Ayse Aslan, Nicolas Regamey, Marijke Proesmans, Florian Stehling, Lutz Naehrlich, Kilinc Ayse, Sebastian Becker, Cordula Koerner-Rettberg, Erika Plattner, Effrosyni D Manali, Spyridon A Papiris, Ilaria Campo, Matthias Kappler, Nicolaus Schwerk, Matthias Griese

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Resum

BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) caused by pathogenic variants in ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 3 (ABCA3) develop severe respiratory insufficiency within their first year of life and succumb to disease if not lung transplanted. This register-based cohort study reviews patients with ABCA3 lung disease who survived beyond the age of 1 year.

METHOD: Over a 21-year period, patients diagnosed as chILD due to ABCA3 deficiency were identified from the Kids Lung Register database. 44 patients survived beyond the first year of life and their long-term clinical course, oxygen supplementation and pulmonary function were reviewed. Chest CT and histopathology were scored blindly.

RESULTS: At the end of the observation period, median age was 6.3 years (IQR: 2.8-11.7) and 36/44 (82%) were still alive without transplantation. Patients who had never received supplemental oxygen therapy survived longer than those persistently required oxygen supplementation (9.7 (95% CI 6.7 to 27.7) vs 3.0 years (95% CI 1.5 to 5.0), p=0.0126). Interstitial lung disease was clearly progressive over time based on lung function (forced vital capacity % predicted absolute loss -1.1% /year) and on chest CT (increasing cystic lesions in those with repetitive imaging). Lung histology pattern were variable (chronic pneumonitis of infancy, non-specific interstitial pneumonia, and desquamative interstitial pneumonia). In 37/44 subjects, the ABCA3 sequence variants were missense variants, small insertions or deletions with in-silico tools predicting some residual ABCA3 transporter function.

CONCLUSION: The natural history of ABCA3-related interstitial lung disease progresses during childhood and adolescence. Disease-modifying treatments are desirable to delay such disease course.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número d’article219434
Pàgines (de-a)587-595
Nombre de pàgines9
RevistaThorax
Volum78
Número6
Data online anticipada20 de febr. 2023
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - de juny 2023

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