A systematic review of cognitive behavioral therapy-based interventions for comorbid chronic pain and clinically relevant psychological distress

Juan P. Sanabria-Mazo, Ariadna Colomer-Carbonell, Óscar Fernández-Vázquez, Georgina Noboa-Rocamora, Gemma Cardona-Ros, Lance M. McCracken, Antonio Montes-Pérez, Juan R. Castaño-Asins, Sílvia Edo, Xavier Borràs, Antoni Sanz, Albert Feliu-Soler, Juan V. Luciano*

*Autor corresponent d’aquest treball

Producció científica: Contribució a una revistaArticle de revisióRecercaAvaluat per experts

2 Cites (Scopus)

Resum

Objective: Chronic pain frequently co-occurs with clinically relevant psychological distress. A systematic review was conducted to identify the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy-based interventions for patients with these comorbid conditions. Methods: The systematic search was carried out in Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus up to March 18th, 2023. Four reviewers independently conducted screenings, extraction, and quality assessment. Results: Twelve randomized controlled trials and one non-randomized controlled trial involving 1,661 participants that examined the efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (nine studies), Mindfulness-based Interventions (three studies), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (one study), and Behavioral Activation Therapy for Depression (one study) were included. Compared to treatment as usual, six out of eight studies of traditional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy reported significant differences in the reduction of depressive symptoms at post-treatment (d from 1.31 to 0.18) and four out of six at follow-up (d from 0.75 to 0.26); similarly, five out of six reported significant differences in the reduction of anxiety symptoms at post-treatment (d from 1.08 to 0.19) and three out of four at follow-up (d from 1.07 to 0.27). Overall, no significant differences between traditional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and treatment as usual were reported at post-treatment and follow-up in the studies exploring pain intensity and pain catastrophizing. Conclusion: The available evidence suggests that traditional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy may produce significant benefits for the improvement of depression, anxiety, and quality of life, but not for pain intensity and pain catastrophizing. More evidence is needed to determine the effects of MBI, ACT, and BATD. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO, CRD42021219921.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número d’article1200685
Pàgines (de-a)1-18
Nombre de pàgines18
RevistaFrontiers in Psychology
Volum14
DOIs
Estat de la publicacióPublicada - 22 de des. 2023

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