Modelling and simulating Hunter-Gatherer Seafaring in the Americas: ecology, society and watercraft technology in cold aquatic environments

Detalls del projecte

Description

One of the major problems archaeologists have yet to address systematically is the development of watercraft and long-distance seafaring, which is critical for understanding earlier coastal and insular colonization and the emergence of social complexity among small-scale societies. The HUGASEA project is designed to address the determining factors in organizational and seafaring strategies of aquatic Hunter-Fisher-Gatherers (HFG) on the Northwest Coast of North America and the Fuego-Patagonia coast of South America. The project is based in an innovative and interdisciplinary approach: integrating Archaeology, Ethnohistory, Ecology, Computational modelling and Artificial Intelligence. The project is inherently comparative, as the two regions and their respective internal variation offer the opportunity to test past interaction among three variables: watercraft technology, environment and social organization (mobility, gender, status,
cultural diversity). Ecological, archaeological and ethnohistorical data will be collected and modelled with GIS-based methods. Then, Agent-based models (ABM) will be created, validated by Sensitivity Analysis and Machine Learning (Bayesian Belief Networks) against empirical data, and finally used to geosimulate seafaring HFG in aquatic environments, test hypothesis and predict spatial patterns. The project will reach expert and non-expert audiences, including Indigenous peoples and young audiences, through a range of dissemination, communication and outreach activities. The researcher will develop the project on the US Northwest Coast, where he will expand his
experience, research competencies and international networks. All the new knowledge and skills will be transferred back to the European Host during the incoming phase. Thus, the project will be very productive for both the researcher and the hosts, enhancing the development of his career as an independent researcher.
AcrònimHUGASEA
EstatusActiu
Data efectiva d'inici i finalització10/10/229/10/25

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